Natural hazards have turned into a standard event in various parts of the world. Different disasters like tsunamis, floods, cyclones, floods, earthquakes and landslides cause a huge damage to people and properties every year. Management of such dangerous hazards is very significant. A viable tool known as GISTIC (GIS technology) is proven by giving an edge in the management of disasters. This is extremely useful in search operations in territories that have been crushed and rapidly assessing the impact and seriousness of damage. GIS is used in disaster prevention stage as well as disaster preparedness stage. They deal with the information required for hazard assessment and planning evacuation routes.
As the frequency of disasters is increasing, the interest for such technologies is also expanding step by step keeping in mind the end goal to spare lives.
How GIS Can Be Useful In Disaster Management?
Role of GIS Technology:
GIS technology is an important component of ICST (Information, communication & space technologies) that enables disaster controlling systems. Data integration is the most grounded purpose of GIS. In this process, different scopes we get are:
Huge volume of data is collected.
- Data is collected based on the affected area.
- The amount of information is sufficient for the disastrous administration.
- Data transfer is more safe and consistent during disasters
- Data on the dreadful situation, the exact location, magnitude etc.
With the help of GIS, it will be anything but difficult to assess the amount of help materials, estimate the affected property, and alarm the nearby possibly affected areas. This goes about as a database repository during the recovery of the destroyed areas by giving the information on the degree of damage to properties. This also empowers the leaders to estimate the cost of reconstruction.
In disaster management, GIS has become a successful and well developed tool in disaster management. They allow for the combination of the spatial information with non-spatial information and use them in different phases of disaster management. With this advanced technology, concerned person can get rid of slow communication and poor budgetary allocation.
Planning: GIS is beneficial in emergency management program. GIS models can be valuable in analyzing spatial information and deciding the effect of the occasion.
- Awareness: GIS strategy assumes a fundamental part in giving information about the correct area of the occasion with details.
- Data management: GIS information gives helpful information during emergency situations.
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